Haemorrhoid treatment

The following information details the haemorrhoidectomy procedure. For further details, you should contact your consultant.

What are haemorrhoids?

Haemorrhoids, (commonly known as piles), are bumps of flesh located within the lower part of the rectum and just inside the anus. They are caused by swollen blood vessels that can grow larger with time. A prolapsed haemorrhoid occurs when one of the bumps of flesh pass out of the anus and rest outside your body (see figure 1) Haemorrhoids are not usually painful. However, they can cause discomfort and can be itchy. They are caused by several reasons and are very common. Pregnancy and age can contribute to this condition. Is surgery the only option? Not necessarily. Initial treatment involves changing your diet – increasing the amount of fibre you consume as well as plenty of fluids can help alleviate the condition. However, if this proves unsuccessful, localised treatments, such as the injecting procedure or banding, might help. Should these options fail then surgery may be recommended.

What does the haemorrhoidectomy involve?

A haemorrhoidectomy takes roughly 20 minutes to perform. The surgeon will cut away the haemorrhoids or remove them with a staple gun. A general anaesthetic is administered for this procedure so you will be unconscious throughout.

What are the possible complications?

There are some complications to be aware of but in general, a haemorrhoidectomy is a safe and effective procedure.

The general complications are:

  • Pain
  • Blood clots forming.
  • Infection developing.
  • Bleeding.

The specific complications are:

  • Skin tags forming.
  • Anal fissure.
  • Anal stenosis.
  • Difficulty urinating.
  • Incontinence.
  • Incomplete procedure.

How long do I need to stay in hospital?

Typically, patients return home on the same day, after the operation and can return to work the next day. Be aware that it can take a few weeks to heal, although the staple gun method leaves no open wounds. Sometimes haemorrhoids can come back but your GP can provide advice on how best to avoid this happening.


A haemorrhoidectomy is a method of removing haemorrhoids that do not respond to other forms of treatment or lifestyle changes.

References: EIDO Healthcare Limited – The operation and treatment information on this website is produced using information from EIDO Healthcare Ltd and is licensed by Aspen Healthcare.

The information should not replace advice that your relevant health professional would give you.


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